A Pap smear, also known as Pap test or cervical cytology, is a screening procedure used to detect cervical cancer and precancerous changes in the cervix.

During a Pap smear, a healthcare provider collects a small sample of cells from the cervix using a swab or brush. These cells are then examined under a microscope to look for abnormalities, such as changes in cell size, shape, and structure.

The primary purpose of a Pap smear is to identify early signs of cervical cancer or precancerous conditions, such as cervical dysplasia or human papillomavirus (HPV) infection, which can lead to cervical cancer if left untreated. Early detection through routine Pap smears allows for prompt medical intervention and treatment, significantly reducing the risk of developing cervical cancer.

Pap smears are typically recommended for women starting at age 21 and repeated every few years, depending on individual risk factors and healthcare guidelines. Regular Pap screening is an essential part of women’s preventive healthcare and can help prevent cervical cancer or detect it at an early, more treatable stage.

Write a Reply or Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *